Lira (or Lirica)

There are many variations of the Lira, or lirica, depending on which nationality you are investigating. Variations of Lira have been found in the Ukraine, Serbia and Croatia. It is a sibling to the ancient lyre. Generally the strings are pitches to d2, A1 and e2. The Ukrainian Lira can also look like a type of “hurdy-girdy” which makes sound by the right hand winding a level while the left hand plays various “keys” that press onto the different places on the strings inside the sound box.





The Kobza is a wooden Ukrainian instrument with eight strings; two four-string pairs are separated by a central sound hole. The additional sound holes are found below both string pairs.  The strings are plucked by a plectrum.


Featured Videos

Fabri Geza
Video Overview:
Here is an example of Fabri Geza playing a kobza and singing in traditional Urkrainian forms.

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Antim Loan
Video Overview:
Here is another video with Antim Loan playing a kobza

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“Ion Albesteanu, Marin Cotoanta – Hora lautareasca”
Video Overview: A short video of a duet with a kobza and violin

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The husli (or husle) is part of the violin family and is one of the oldest known Ukrainian musical instruments. It has been documented by the Greeks as early as the 6th century CE. There are many different versions of the wooden stringed instrument.

The three or more strings are plucked by the fingers and can be tuned by the pegs at the top of the neck of the instrument like a violin. The stringed are secured above the wooden sound box by a wooden bridge that is located near the two sound holes.


Featured Video

Maria Pomianowska suka & Fidel orchestra Arcus Poloniae Folk melody

Video Overview: This video contains many photos of the various types of husle and other instruments found in the Ukraine.

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