Archives for April 2013

Lira-Lirica

lira2

Lira (or Lirica)

There are many variations of the Lira, or lirica, depending on which nationality you are investigating. Variations of Lira have been found in the Ukraine, Serbia and Croatia. It is a sibling to the ancient lyre. Generally the strings are pitches to d2, A1 and e2. The Ukrainian Lira can also look like a type of “hurdy-girdy” which makes sound by the right hand winding a level while the left hand plays various “keys” that press onto the different places on the strings inside the sound box.

Trembita

trembita

Трембіта

 

A trembita …

is a traditional Ukrainian instrument made of spruce or pine. It has a length of approximately ten feet long and is in the shape of a horn (i.e. conical). It was traditionally used to communicate messages across mountain ranges.

 


Video Overview: Here is a video showing a man playing a trembita. How many different pitches can you hear coming from this single bore instrument?

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Ocarina

ocarinaThe ocarina (or “okaryna” in Ukrainian) is a diatonic wind or flute instrument that is made from pottery or metal. It has a “goose head” shape, hence its Italian name “oca”.  Its small mouthpiece is attached to an oblong body that has a number of tone holes for playing different pitches. Generally, the ocarina has eight tone holes that are aligned in two rows for playing by the left and right hands. It can play notes in a range of one to one-and-a-half octaves. This instrument and its primitive variations have been found in areas of the Ukraine, Italy, China, Egypt and other countries.

 

Featured Videos

 

An ocarina trio

Video Overview: Ocarina from Ten Little Duet for Treble Instruments by Ross Edwards

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Evenstar from the Lord of the Rings on STL Hobbit Ocarina

Video Overview: This video is a music video with a featured ocarina player on the song “Evenstar” from Lord of the Rings.

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Choosing your first ocarina (by Docjazz)

Video Overview: David demonstrates how to choose your first ocarina purchase.

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Lena Plays Pokemon Bike Theme on STL Ocarinas

Video Overview: An advanced ocarina performance

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How to Play Zelda Songs on Your Ocarina

Video Overview: This video demonstrates how to play and read music for the ocarina. This is an intermediate level teaching.

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Kobza

Kobza

 

 

The Kobza is a wooden Ukrainian instrument with eight strings; two four-string pairs are separated by a central sound hole. The additional sound holes are found below both string pairs.  The strings are plucked by a plectrum.

 

Featured Videos

Fabri Geza
Video Overview:
Here is an example of Fabri Geza playing a kobza and singing in traditional Urkrainian forms.

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Antim Loan
Video Overview:
Here is another video with Antim Loan playing a kobza

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“Ion Albesteanu, Marin Cotoanta – Hora lautareasca”
Video Overview: A short video of a duet with a kobza and violin

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Husli-Husle

husle

 

The husli (or husle) is part of the violin family and is one of the oldest known Ukrainian musical instruments. It has been documented by the Greeks as early as the 6th century CE. There are many different versions of the wooden stringed instrument.

The three or more strings are plucked by the fingers and can be tuned by the pegs at the top of the neck of the instrument like a violin. The stringed are secured above the wooden sound box by a wooden bridge that is located near the two sound holes.

 

Featured Video

Maria Pomianowska suka & Fidel orchestra Arcus Poloniae Folk melody

Video Overview: This video contains many photos of the various types of husle and other instruments found in the Ukraine.

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Bandoura-Bandura

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The Ukrainian Bandoura (бандура) has a large wooden sound box that is round. It has 12 drone strings that are plucked with the left hand. The right hand plays the 20 to 30 graduated melodic strings. Each string can be individually tuned. This is necessary because this instrument does not use a fret board.

 

 

 

 

 

Featured Videos

 

Julian Kytasty, bandoura player

Video Overview: Bandoura virtuoso Julian Kytasty playing Echo composed by his grandfather. Notice the “drone” strings are used to keep the beat going constantly while the right hand performs the meloldy on the strings closer to the tone hole. Listen to the pitches that sound from the right hand playing the strings at the bottom of the instrument.

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Video Overview: This is a French speaking video and performance on the history of the bandoura.

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М.Скорик ,Т.Шевченко “Якби мені черевики” (бандура)

Video Overview: This is a performance of a bandoura player.

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Мега хит ! Бандура !

Video Overview: This video is of a performance of bandoura quintent.

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